Psychologist Page


Best Practice for Exam Preparation

Finally, summer, a time when you feel like taking a walk, but it’s time for exams to come. There is excitement and impatience before the upcoming holidays and vacations. Nevertheless, the exam predetermine the psychological state of students, causing increased anxiety. In many ways, anxiety is associated with self-doubt. And confidence, in turn, depends on the quality of training. How to properly prepare for the exam – this is our selection of tips.

Motivate yourself

To find the best method for mastering knowledge, you need to clearly imagine the purpose of preparing for the exam. You will say: the goal is clear! You need to get a good grade. How good is it? If you worked hard during the semester, in addition to attending lectures and reading additional literature, you can rightfully claim the “five”. If the subject is uninteresting to you, you are convinced that you can do perfectly well in your profession, then the level of your knowledge is appropriate. And it is reckless to believe that in a few days you will be able to prepare so as to get an excellent mark. Conclusion: evaluate your capabilities soberly and do it purposefully: study the material on the “five” or run through it with your eyes in the calculation of the “three” – two different strategies.

Try to understand

To do this, determine what is best for you and what is worse. Get started with the material you know the worst. Take a look at the list of tickets: you have a pretty clear idea of ​​something, you haven’t even heard of other issues. Start with them. In this case, you will be insured against issues that you do not own at all.

We use associative memorization

You can just read the material. You can read and take notes in the margins. You can read and take notes. You can do this: for each exam question, get one piece of paper. When working on a question, make notes on a piece of paper: draw diagrams, write out names, events, dates, formulas, rules. Draw your own associations. Perhaps some catchy term you associate with the name of a friend or the name of your favorite houseplant. Use this. Then, just before the exam, you can easily repeat the material by looking at your notes.

 Make a diagram that will help you organize your material: brief notes, formulas, ideas, excerpts from the text. This scheme will help you break down the preparation process into stages, from which you can draw up a general preparation plan with minimal costs.
     Make a short summary in which you outline the main ideas of the course and their interaction. You can include a list of ideas in it, ranking them in order of importance.
A little artistic ability will provide you with a visual scheme that will help to restore this in memory.
     Make audio recordings of your abstracts and fragments of text from textbooks, and you can learn material on the go, listening and repeating while walking and relaxing outside the school.

Some more recommendations

Make a clear plan and schedule for exam preparation
knowing your gold watch (you are an “early bird” or an “owl”), determine what pace you will be engaged in during the hours of rise, and what – in the hours of recession;
if you feel “not in the mood”, start classes with the most interesting subject for you, this will help you get into working form;
be sure to take short but regular breaks: rest, not wait for fatigue – the best remedy for overwork. Do without stimulants (coffee, strong tea, etc.): the nervous system before the exam and so on.
And the most important thing…

On the last night before the exam, give yourself a break: take a walk, read a good book, go visit. Try to go to bed early. And avoid thoughts like, “What happens if I don’t give up?” Replace them with a more confident wording: “I am calm and confident.”

“Adaptation of freshmen to new conditions of life in college”

Social adaptation is one of the most important aspects of the successful functioning of the individual in society. The most important task of the administration and teachers of the college is the comprehensive support of freshmen. In the period of adaptation of students to the conditions of study in college, where the contingent is made up of males, we are faced with serious problems in the personal development and behavior of students. Among the most acute ones are the following: low self-esteem, conflicts with peers, lack of self-service skills, the ability to find a compromise solution, housekeeping for residents of the hostel, and the ability to organize your leisure time.

Former 9th grader, comes to college with a still unformed worldview. And it is in the first year that his whole future life is predetermined. During this period, a general idea of ​​oneself, one’s place in the world, life goals and values ​​is formed. On how well he adapts, his further success in school, in relations with others, directly depends.

The freshman is trying to understand, “where did I get, whoever surrounds me, whether they will accept me in the new team, I have chosen the right profession, am I old enough for such decisions, have I made a mistake in the choice”. A teenager must quickly navigate and learn new ways and methods of educational activity from a new perspective, having understood the system of norms and rules that exist in the college and in its study group, develop its own value system in relation to studies, forthcoming work, and teachers.

A freshman college student most acutely feels difficulties in academic and personal life. An avalanche of information about the norms of student life falls upon a freshman. For some students, there is a difficult problem of living in a student dormitory, where students from rural areas live. Leaving home, new hobbies and acquaintances, friends and foes, a new way of life, remoteness from parents and family – on the one hand, this creates a condition for personal development of a person, on the other hand, it is another unfavorable moment in its adaptation, as it increases level of anxiety.

All this leads to the fact that some of the most anxious and emotionally unstable freshmen may even experience neuropsychic breakdowns. But there are still few such failures, due to the youth’s dependence on the majority opinion.

Positively influencing factors, such as: focus, self-confidence, personal qualities that correspond to the chosen future profession and others, contribute to the most rapid and successful adaptation of students, facilitates the process of joining the team.

Factors that adversely affect human adaptation include stress; state of increased anxiety; desire to quickly find a solution; too strong or too weak motivation; self-doubt caused by previous failures; fear; self-doubt (often accompanied by a general low self-esteem), as well as too strong confidence (self-confidence).

One of the main positive factors is psychological and pedagogical support. To support a teenager is to believe in him. Verbally or non-verbally, it is necessary to inform him that they believe in his strength and ability. He needs support not only when he is ill, but also when he is well.

To support a teenager, you must:

  1. Rely on the strengths of a teenager.
  2. Avoid underlining young man blunders.
  3. To be able and willing to demonstrate love and respect.
  4. Introduce humor into relationships.
  5. Know about all attempts to cope with the task.
  6. Be able to interact.
  7. Accept the personality of a teenager.
  8. Show faith in a teenager, empathize with him.
  9. Demonstrate optimism.

Thus, psychological and pedagogical support is based on helping the child feel his need. The feeling that he is important for parents and teachers, that he is valued, interested in his life, is the first and most important aspect in the successful adaptation of a freshman.

Fundamentals of Psychology, General Psychology!

Recently, general psychology has been enriched by the knowledge of many specific facts from the field of human consciousness and has given them a deep explanation. On the basis of this, the practical importance of psychology has grown in all branches of human activity – in training and education, organization and rationalization of labor processes, in revealing the essence of creative labor processes, in revealing the essence of creative processes in the field of art, in the development of effective training methods in various types of activities. Psychological science has become a serious and interesting field of special knowledge, the mastery of which is necessary for successful work in various fields. Significant attention in general psychology is given to the laws of higher nervous activity as the physiological basis of mental processes; experimental materials are used