State symbols

“State symbols are one of the unshakable foundations of our state, our sovereignty.
They express the sacred, unifying image of Independence. ”

         Nursultan Nazarbaev

The Constitutional Law “On State Symbols of the Republic of Kazakhstan” was adopted on June 4, 2007. In accordance with this Law, June 4 is annually celebrated as the day of state symbols in the Republic of Kazakhstan.


State symbols are one of the essential attributes of any state, embodying its identity and sovereignty. In the Republic of Kazakhstan, the state symbols are the State Flag, the State Emblem and the National Anthem.

STATE FLAG OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

The flag is one of the main symbols of the state, embodying its sovereignty and identity. The term “flag” comes from the Dutch word “vlag.” A flag is a cloth attached to a flagpole or cord of specified sizes and colors, usually with a coat of arms or emblem on it. Since ancient times, the flag has been performing the functions of uniting the people of a country and its identification with a specific state entity.

The national flag of independent Kazakhstan was officially adopted in 1992. Its author is the artist Shaken Niyazbekov.

The national flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan is a rectangular panel of sky-blue color with an image in the center of the sun with rays, under which is a soaring eagle (golden eagle). The pole has a vertical strip with a national ornament. The image of the sun, its rays, eagle and national ornament is the color of gold. The ratio of the width of the flag to its length is 1: 2.

In the traditions of heraldry, each color symbolizes a certain concept. So, sky-blue color symbolizes honesty, fidelity and impeccability. In addition, the sky-blue color has a deep symbolic meaning in the Turkic culture. The ancient Türks always revered the sky as their god-father, and their sky-blue banner symbolized allegiance to the father-ancestor. On the national flag of Kazakhstan, it symbolizes a clear sky, peace and prosperity, and the uniformity of the background is the unity of our country.

Based on the heraldic canons, the sun symbolizes wealth and abundance, life and energy. Therefore, the rays of the sun on the flag of the country are in the form of grain – a symbol of wealth and prosperity. The image of the sun in the state attributes of Kazakhstan confirms its commitment to universal values ​​and suggests that the new young state is full of life-affirming energy and is open to all countries of the world for partnership and cooperation.

The image of an eagle (golden eagle) is one of the main heraldic attributes that have long been used in the coats of arms and flags of many nations. This image is usually perceived as a symbol of power, vision and generosity. The golden eagle soaring under the sun represents the power of the state, its sovereignty and independence, the pursuit of lofty goals and a sustainable future. The image of a golden eagle in the worldview of Eurasian nomads occupies a special place. They associate it with such concepts as freedom and fidelity, dignity and courage, power and purity of thoughts. The stylized silhouette of the golden eagle reflects the desire of the young sovereign state to the heights of world civilization.

An important element of the national flag is a vertical strip with a national ornament located at its flagpole. Kazakh ornament is one of the forms of a specific artistic perception of the world in strict accordance with the aesthetic tastes of the people. Representing the harmony of various forms and lines, it is an expressive means of revealing the inner world of the people. The national ornament along the shaft symbolizes the culture and traditions of the people of Kazakhstan.

STATE EMBLEM OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

The coat of arms is one of the main symbols of the state. The term “coat of arms” comes from the German word “erbe” (inheritance) and means a hereditary distinctive sign – a combination of figures and objects that are given a symbolic meaning.

History shows that even the nomads of the Bronze Age, who lived in the territory of modern Kazakhstan, identified themselves with a special symbol – a totem, the graphic expression of which later received the name “tamga”. For the first time this term began to be used in the Turkic Kaganate.

The coat of arms of sovereign Kazakhstan was officially adopted in 1992. Its authors are famous architects Zhandarbek Malibekov and Shot-Aman Ualikhanov.

The national emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan has the shape of a circle (wheel) – it is a symbol of life and eternity, which enjoyed special honor among the nomads of the Great Steppe.

The central heraldic element in the national emblem is the image of the shanyrak (the upper vaulted part of the yurt) against a blue background, from which the ears (supports) diverge in all directions in the form of sunlight. On the right and left of the shanyrak there are images of mythical winged horses. In the upper part there is a voluminous five-pointed star, and in the lower part there is an inscription “Kazakhstan”. The image of the star, shanyrak, uyks, mythical horses, as well as the inscription “Kazakhstan” – are made in the color of gold.

Shanyraқ is the main system-forming part of the yurt, reminiscent of the heavenly dome in shape and is one of the key elements of life arrangement in the traditional culture of the Eurasian nomads. In the State Emblem of the Republic, the image of a shanyrak is a symbol of a common home and a single Motherland for all peoples living in the country. The stable development of Kazakhstan depends on the well-being of every citizen, as the strength and stability of a shanyrak depends on the reliability of all his skills (supports).

The winged mythical horses – tulpars in the state emblem are a key heraldic element. The image of a horse from time immemorial personifies such concepts as courage, loyalty and strength. The wings symbolize the centuries-old dream of the multinational people of Kazakhstan to build a strong and prosperous state. They testify to pure thoughts and the desire for consistent improvement and creative development. The golden wings of the horses also resemble golden ears of wheat and embody the hard work of the Kazakhstanis and the material well-being of the country.

In past centuries, horns were actively used in the cult rites of the nomads, as well as the top of their battle banners. Images of heavenly grace, earthly fertility and military fortune in the form of horns of various animals have always occupied significant places in the symbolic compositions of various peoples. Thus, a winged horse with a cornucopia is an important typological image that has deep semantic and historical roots.

Another detail in the state emblem of the republic is a five-pointed star. This symbol has been used by mankind since ancient times and personifies the constant desire of people for the light of truth, for everything sublime and eternal. The image of a star in the national emblem reflects the desire of Kazakhstanis to create a country open for cooperation and partnership with all peoples of the world. The hearts and hugs of the people of Kazakhstan are open to representatives of all five continents.

The main color used in the national emblem is the color of gold, which serves as a symbol of wealth, justice and generosity. Also present is the color of the flag – sky blue, which is in harmony with the color of gold and symbolizes a clear sky, peace and prosperity.
 

STATE ANTHEM OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN


The anthem is one of the main symbols of the state. The term “anthem” itself comes from the Greek word “gimneo” and means “solemn song.” The anthem acts as an important sound symbolism, which is of key importance for the effective socio-political consolidation and ethnocultural identification of citizens of the country.

In the history of independent Kazakhstan, the country’s national anthem was approved twice – in 1992 and in 2006.

After the republic gained state sovereignty in 1992, a competition was announced for the music and lyrics of the anthem of Kazakhstan. According to the results of the competition, it was decided to keep the music edition of the anthem of the Kazakh SSR. Thus, the authors of the music of the first Kazakhstan anthem were Mukan Tulebaev, Evgeny Brusilovsky and Latif Hamidi. The competition for the best text was also won by a team of authors represented by famous poets: Muzafar Alimbaev, Kadyr Myrzaliev, Tumanbai Moldagaliev and poetess Zhadyra Daribaeva.

In order to popularize the sound symbolism of the country in 2006, a new national anthem was adopted. Its basis was the popular patriotic song “Meni Kazakhstan”. It was written in 1956 by Shamshi Kaldayakov to the poems of Zhumeken Najimedenov. To give the song a high status of the national anthem and a more solemn sound, the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev finalized the original text. The Parliament of Kazakhstan at a joint meeting of the chambers on January 6, 2006 amended the Decree “On State Symbols” and approved the new national anthem of the country.

Speakers: Zhumeken Nazhimedenov, Nursultan Nazarbayev
Songwriter: Shamshi Kaldayakov
 
Golden sun sky,
The field of golden grain,
Epic of Courage,
Look at my country!
From ancient times the man,
We are famous.
Dishonored,
I am very proud!
 
Chorus:
 
My country, my country,
I will plant you as a flower,
I will sing, my people!
My homeland is Kazakhstan!
 
Paved the way for future generations,
I have a large area.
Unity is compatible,
I have an independent country.
Meet the time,
Like an eternal friend,
Our country is happy,
This is our country!
 
Chorus:
 
My country, my country,
I will plant you as a flower,
I will sing, my people!
My homeland is Kazakhstan!