To parents

Psychological rules of communication

There are psychological rules, violating which we risk turning the natural desire to be understood into an artificial obstacle to the correct understanding of our position. Some of these rules of communication are very simple, familiar to everyone since childhood. For example, the simplest thing is to be polite. One has to hear about this from the first years of life and one can only wonder why, until now, politeness has not become the law of human communication. And what’s surprising is that everyone individually likes a polite attitude, and together we suffer from his lack.

The easiest way to explain this paradoxical fact is that still ill-mannered people who have not been instilled with good manners since childhood. But it’s not only that. Very often, people are polite in some situations and lose their refined manners in others. Why? First of all, because obvious truths hide questions that are not so easy to answer. Why, for example, do you need to be polite with those who don’t like, who you don’t respect? In its own way, it is quite fair to politely respond only to politeness and not choose diplomatic expressions in response to rudeness. If it is true that everyone should get what they deserve, then you need to earn a polite attitude to yourself. So, with those who do not deserve it, there is nothing to stand on ceremony.

Indeed, why is it necessary to hide your feelings behind politeness, is it not hypocrisy? Such questions are not accepted to be raised, not accepted and answered. And in vain. A truth that does not give rise to questions turns into a dogma with which one does not want to argue as much as follow it.

So, why is politeness necessary in any situation?

Psychologists have found that in a conflict outside observers are more likely to recognize the truth of the person who maintains restraint and does not respond rude to rudeness. And therefore, courtesy not only attracts the sympathy of educated people to a person, but also allows you to maintain self-esteem in a collision with rudeness. In a dispute or conflict, it is a means of asserting its innocence. That is why politeness cannot be called hypocrisy.

“And what, in fact, can psychologists teach, except for the very obvious rule of communication – to be polite?” – readers have the right to ask. We will try to answer this question by turning to the basics of science and the art of communication. But immediately we will disappoint those readers who hope to get recipes suitable for all occasions, regardless of their own creative attitude to communication in various situations. But what about Dale Carnegie, an American sociologist and management specialist whose book, How to Make Friends and Influence People, was published over half a century ago, but still remains a bestseller? After all, he argued that the rules of communication recommended by him guarantee success and mutual understanding. We will not deny the usefulness of many Carnegie tips.

“Praise a person for every even modest success and be sincere in your confession and generous in praise,” Carnegie urges. In the most general setting, it is difficult to argue with this rule of communication. The experience of leading educators shows that “education with praise” is much more effective than the traditional system of correcting behavior through punishments. It remains only to regret that not every educator has the patience to consistently develop a good start in a person, to encourage him for success and noble motives, without abusing censure for each slip. However, the principle of encouragement cannot be absolutized. Otherwise, praise can lead to results far from the good intentions of the one who used it regardless of specific circumstances.

So, H. Heckhausen, summarizing the results of studies on the effects of praise and censure on self-esteem, came to an unexpected conclusion. Contrary to the natural assumption that praise will always contribute to increasing self-esteem, and censure to its lowering, in some cases the opposite effect was observed. What are these cases? Disappointment in one’s abilities can follow if a person is overly praised for solving easy tasks by people whose opinion he considers competent is fair. For example, if a manager begins to praise a highly qualified employee for a successful solution to an alphabetical assignment, then the subordinate will either consider himself; incompetent leader, or lose respect for himself as a specialist. But a person who is only mastering professional skills and constantly doubts his abilities, it is really advisable to praise for every, albeit small success.

A person begins to evaluate his abilities higher and even gains confidence in success if he is condemned for failure to solve difficult problems. He perceives this as evidence of recognition of his potential ability to solve problems of any complexity. So praise is not always useful, and censure can be quite constructive. And this cannot be ignored, so as not to confirm once again the pessimistic thought of Laroshfuko, who argued that people are rarely intelligent enough to prefer useful censure to dangerous praise.

Of course, praise, even undeserved, would rather preserve a good relationship than the most fair remark. But you can not achieve a cloudless relationship at any cost. You can not give up beliefs in order to maintain the appearance of well-being in communication. Fundamental and uncompromising demarcation is reasonable only in one case when the moral incompatibility of people is obvious. But much more often, relations are broken by no means for reasons of principle. The source of conflict is the neglect of communication rules, which often manifests itself in the very first stages of a relationship.

The first impression of a person on whom so much depends! But much needs to be known for the first impression to be pleasant. Facial expression, clothing, demeanor, the first topic of conversation – it has always been considered an art that is not easy to master. There are many simple, it would seem, psychological rules of communication, the violation of which leads to alienation. For example, you can’t get too close to an unfamiliar interlocutor. Why? We invade that area of ​​his psychological space where access is open only to loved ones. It is necessary not to hide the eyes of the interlocutor, otherwise he has the impression that you are not saying what you think. An energetic handshake creates a favorable impression of business qualities, and a smile at a meeting makes a more desirable interlocutor.

It is not necessary to control every gesture, every intonation, every word. With increased self-control, the main thing can be lost – the naturalness and ease of communication. It is enough to pay attention to those details of your behavior in the presence of other people that constantly cause them awkwardness, a desire to quickly complete the conversation. And if it’s difficult for yourself to understand what is the source of constant difficulties in communication, it’s best to speak frankly with people who know you and deserve trust. As a rule, they see all your strengths and weaknesses as an interlocutor, but they most often do not talk about the latter, so as not to aggravate your vanity.

In general, the question of what can and cannot be said to others about oneself and about them is of fundamental importance for maintaining and developing relationships. What you should not do unconditionally is to characterize yourself poorly. This does not mean, of course, that self-criticism is ruled out. You can, and sometimes you need to talk frankly about your mistakes. Therefore, one of the basic rules of communication says: a person who sticks a negative label due to temporary disappointment can stay with him for a long time.

Not only himself, but also others must be criticized for specific misconduct, trying to avoid a critical assessment of the person. Self-esteem is the basis of a culture of communication. And not only because a self-respecting person will not tolerate neglect of his personality. Without self-esteem, there can be no full-fledged communication based on mutual respect, recognition of the right of everyone to defend their views and opinions, provided that they do not contradict the fundamental principles of human morality. Therefore, by the way, politeness is appreciated because it helps to maintain self-esteem in each communication situation. But for the development of this feeling of politeness alone is not enough. It is possible to say tactlessness in the most polite form, guided by seemingly high moral criteria. Moreover, the most tactless are most often those people who consider themselves truth-loving, always telling the truth to everyone.

The character of a humorous story was obsessed with telling only the truth. And when he faced the “hypocrisy” of others, he considered it his duty to intervene: “Do not believe them, Maria Ivanovna, when they say that you look good. You look terrible today. ” The effect produced by this kind of truthful word is not hard to imagine. In human relationships, one cannot confuse the truth and “conformity of reality”. “I do not love you,” a “true” admission in a quarrel may break. Indeed, at some point, even a deeply loving person thinks (from resentment or irritation) that feelings have been lost. Such confessions can cause irreparable damage to relationships, as they are reinforced in the conflict by obvious manifestations of negative emotions – anger, rage, disgust. It is hard not to believe in the veracity of deeply emotional recognition. However, the truth of situational emotions may have little to do with the truth of feelings. In this case, speaking openly about his emotions, a person slanders himself, and feelings of love, trust and respect become a victim of “true slander”. A fact that corresponds to reality becomes true in human relationships only when a person speaks about him under the influence of noble motives and in a tactful manner. Insults are unacceptable even in relation to those who deserve the most negative assessment.

To an uncompromisingly inclined person, such a rule of communication may seem like an appeal to conciliationism: is it not fair to call a scoundrel publicly a scoundrel, but someone who has done stupidities a fool; Do they not deserve offensive characteristics and do we need to choose expressions in order to tell them everything that you think about them? Of course, the temptation to resort to insults in such cases is great. Nevertheless, insults, according to the wise remark of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, are the arguments of those who are wrong.

In any communication situations, one needs to defend one’s point of view, one’s moral principles and beliefs by the power of argumentation, and not by demonstrating aggressive intentions and willingness to crush the opponent’s resistance at any cost. In general, you should avoid forceful pressure on the person whom you want to convince that you are right, and not he. Attempts to impose one’s opinion at any cost usually lead to the opposite result. Man is structured in such a way that he constantly resists the restriction of freedom of choice. The American psychologist J. Brem confirmed this idea with experimental studies. He showed that if one of the two alternatives is prohibited, its value increases sharply, and if one of the alternatives is imposed, its value decreases. In one of his studies, children rated the attractiveness of cakes. Then the experimenter created a situation in which less attractive cakes were forbidden to eat, and more attractive cakes were imposed. As a result, the children increasingly wanted to get the “forbidden fruit” and less and less the cake that attracted them at the beginning of the experiment.

What to do if it is necessary to convince the interlocutor of his innocence, and he does not show a desire to agree with the most serious arguments? In such cases, some of the persuasion methods that Dale Carnegie offers can be helpful: honestly try to see things from the perspective of another; show empathy for the thoughts and desires of others; give the interlocutor the opportunity to speak out; let your interlocutor feel that the idea belongs to him; appeal to noble motives; give your ideas visualization, stage them; challenge! The last recommendation implies the need in some situations to create a competitive atmosphere in which people with a developed spirit of contradiction are willingly involved. Of particular interest, in our opinion, is the idea that the interlocutor should feel involved in your idea. It is difficult, of course, to agree with its literal interpretation. Carnegie himself believes that for the sake of the interests of the case, you can neglect your authorship and thus submit the idea that it does not belong to you, but to the influential person whose competence to bring it to life. Of course, if we proceed only from the interests of the case, it does not matter to whom the idea belongs, it is important whether it was possible to realize it or not. However, from a moral point of view, the transfer of “copyright” seems less attractive. Slowly slipping the idea to another person, we not only make him an involuntary plagiarist, but also relieve ourselves of the responsibility for its implementation. And it’s not necessary to refuse authorship in order for the opponent to feel his involvement in your idea. In the psychology of propaganda, it is proved that people always take views better if they actively participate in their discussion than when they simply listen to someone’s point of view without expressing their arguments for and against.

Therefore, one should not be afraid of discussions and initial negative reactions. The more interesting the idea, the more original the point of view, the more likely it is to meet disagreement. And only in constant discussions, finding new arguments in favor of his idea, is it possible to gain support from other people. Only trivial considerations do not meet objections. In order to survive in a heated atmosphere of an unpleasant discussion of original ideas and proposals, it is necessary to maintain psychological stability, not to succumb to the temptation to “slam the door” when the first attempt fails to gain universal recognition. Vulnerability and resentment, which are sometimes mistaken for self-esteem, are character traits that primarily deprive a person of chances of full communication. The Pocket Oracle by the Spanish writer Balthasar Gracian says that communication should not be as fragile as glass. Others therefore easily crack because they are empty inside; filling themselves with resentment, others fill with annoyance.

Psychological vulnerability is manifested not only in excessive touchiness. Vulnerable is also one who is not able to withstand pressure from other people when their desires and aspirations contradict his own ideas about what and how to do. For example, many people suffer from the fact that they do not know how to refuse even those requests that they do not consider it necessary to fulfill. Nevertheless, they try to fulfill, fearing to offend the petitioner. The inability to refuse, ultimately, results in illegibility in business and personal relations. People who do not deserve support try to use such kindness. Unfortunately, the reliability of many brought up since childhood. This should be considered by those parents and teachers who blindly obey children to the rank of virtue, thereby making a person defenseless against psychological pressure.

To refuse a request that you consider impossible or unacceptable, you should not fall upon the petitioner with all your directness. A hasty and harsh “no” can cause deep resentment. In such cases, it is best to listen carefully to the request, even if the need for refusal is obvious from the very beginning. The person making the request needs not only real help, but also psychological participation. In addition, when you become familiar with all the circumstances, you can either reconsider the initial position yourself or justify the refusal more deeply.

Inability to refuse brings a lot of unpleasant minutes and in non-binding communication situations. There is a category of interlocutors who are inexhaustible in communication and are so carried away by the conversation that they forget about the time that their partner may not have at their disposal. In this case, you need to quietly bring the conversation to their business, which requires an immediate end to the conversation.

The art of interrupting a conversation is often necessary when communication leads to dissatisfaction. This may be due to various reasons. Most often, dissatisfaction with communication arises when the interlocutor fails to evoke a lively response to his thoughts and feelings, when there is no feedback in the dialogue, and the words hang in the air without finding a response.

These recommendations warn us against hasty conclusions, generalizations, and advice when talking about such a complex topic as human relationships. Here, as in nothing else, self-confidence and peremptoryness are contraindicated. Spoiling relationships is much easier than restoring what was destroyed by categorical assessments, inappropriate comments, and unconstructive criticism. This should not be forgotten in any situation, and especially in communication with loved ones. Family communication is most conducive to a free liberated manner of behavior, which a person needs for emotional relaxation and is little compatible with the rigid framework of business and social-role communication. But emancipation can easily turn into incontinence, familiarity into tactlessness, if a person believes that in the family one does not need to breed any ceremonies and you can say whatever you like. But the habit of going the farthest in your incontinence with your close ones leads not only to frequent quarrels, but also to the loss of psychological closeness, without which family life turns into a heavy duty.

The rules of communication, which were discussed above, dealt mainly with those situations in which the main concern was the establishment and maintenance of full-fledged interpersonal and business contacts. If relations are broken, and a conflict arises, double efforts are necessary so that conflict situations do not develop into quarrels and enmity.

The conflict itself, as a clash of different positions, views and opinions, does not always lead to negative consequences. So, in the production team, constructive business conflicts indicate more about the interest of workers in a common cause than about a dysfunctional moral and psychological atmosphere, while complete lack of conflict is a sign of indifferent attitude to the business and mutual responsibility.

The main thing is that the constructive conflict does not develop into a destructive one and the struggle for the interests of the cause does not lead to hostile relations between people. The difference between a constructive conflict and a destructive one is that in the first case, the aim of the conflict is to find mutually acceptable ways to resolve the contradictions, and in the second, the desire to affirm one’s own right at any cost.

If it is not possible to keep the conflict within a constructive framework, it is very difficult to restore the relationship. In an interpersonal conflict, public opinions are expressed about the opponent, which, as a rule, damage his reputation and cause deep resentment, which is difficult to forgive. In addition, a publicly expressed opinion is more difficult to change than that which a person keeps with himself. In psychology, this pattern is called the “legalization effect”. And if during the conflict the adversary was unflatteringly characterized, then due to the mentioned effect it is difficult to expect that a negative assessment will easily change.

Nevertheless, a way out of the conflict situation can be found. Sometimes it’s enough for one of the participants in the conflict to be wiser. In this case, he selects approximately the following tactics of overcoming hostility: “Everything depends only on myself. Both are always wrong in a conflict, but one must be wiser and more generous. The one who goes to reconciliation first does not show weakness, but fortitude. The considered rules, of course, do not exhaust the whole range of issues related to communication and mutual understanding. In human relationships, there are far more exceptions than rules. Psychological rules will be useful only to those who can see behind them an infinitely diverse world of individual manifestations of human psychology and independently find their rightful place in the world of exceptions.

Source:

Golovakha E.I., Panina N.V. The psychology of human understanding. – Kiev, 1989.

The Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated August 8, 2002 No. 345-II

On the rights of the child in the Republic of Kazakhstan

(as amended on July 27, 2007)

Chapter 1. General Provisions; Chapter 2. State policy in the interests of children; Chapter 3. Fundamental rights and duties of a child; Chapter 4. Child and family; Chapter 5. Rights of a child without parental care; Chapter 6. Rights of a disabled child; Chapter 7. Child and society; Chapter 8. Protection of rights and protected the law of interests of the child Chapter 9. Features of the responsibility of the child and the impact on his behavior Chapter 10. Final provisions (Articles 1-5) (Articles 6-7) (Articles 8-20) (Articles 21-26) (Articles 27-30) (Articles 31 -33) (Articles 34-41) (Articles 42-47) (Articles 48-49) (Articles 50-53)

There is no table of contents in the original

This Law regulates relations arising in connection with the realization of the basic rights and interests of the child guaranteed by the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan, based on the principles of priority for preparing children for a full life in society, developing socially significant and creative activity in them, fostering high moral qualities, patriotism in them and citizenship, the formation of national identity on the basis of the universal values ​​of world civilization.

Chapter 1. General Provisions

Article 1. Basic concepts used in this Law

The following basic concepts are used in this Law:

1) child – a person under the age of eighteen (majority);

2) the legal representatives of the child – parents, adoptive parents (adoptive parents), guardian, trustee, foster carer, other persons replacing them, who in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan take care, education, upbringing, protection of the rights and interests of the child;

3) a child left without parental care – a child who was left without the care of one or both parents in connection with the restriction or deprivation of their parental rights, recognition of parents missing, declaring them dead, declaring them legally incompetent (partially capable), serving their parents in places of imprisonment, evading parents from raising a child or protecting their rights and interests, including when parents refuse to take their child from an educational or medical institution niya, as well as in other cases of lack of parental care;

4) an orphan – a child in whom both or a single parent died;

Subparagraph 5) is set out in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 04.13.05, No. 40-III (see previous edition)

5) disabled child – a person under the age of eighteen years of age who has a health disorder with persistent dysfunction of the body due to diseases, injuries, their consequences, defects, leading to limited life and the need for social protection;

6) custody – a legal form of protection of the rights and interests of children under the age of fourteen;

7) guardianship – a legal form of protection of the rights and interests of children aged fourteen to eighteen years;

8) patronage – a form of upbringing in which a child without parental care is transferred to a family of citizens under an agreement concluded by an authorized state body and a person (foster carer) who has expressed a desire to bring up the child;

9) social adaptation of a child – the process of actively adapting a child in a difficult life situation to the conditions of the social environment through the assimilation and perception of values, rules and norms of behavior accepted in society, as well as the process of overcoming the consequences of psychological and (or) moral trauma;

10) organizations that perform the functions of protecting the rights of the child are organizations that, regardless of the legal form, provide social support, provide social services, medical and social, social and pedagogical, psychological and pedagogical, legal services and material assistance, social rehabilitation children in difficult situations, ensuring the employment of such children after they reach working age;

11) state minimum social standards – the main indicators of ensuring the quality of life of children, including the minimum amount of social services, norms and standards established by the state;

12) children in difficult life situations – children whose life activity is violated as a result of the circumstances and who cannot overcome these circumstances on their own or with the help of the family.

Section 2. Effect of this Law

This Law applies to citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan, foreigners and stateless persons.
The provisions of this Law establishing the rights and obligations of a child shall not apply to children who have acquired full civil legal capacity before coming of age in accordance with the legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Article 3. The legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the rights of the child

The legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the rights of the child is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan and consists of this Law and other regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of protection of the rights of the child.
If an international treaty ratified by the Republic of Kazakhstan establishes rules other than those contained in this Law, then the rules of the international treaty shall apply, unless the international treaty implies that its application requires the publication of the law of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Article 4. Equal rights of children

All children have equal rights regardless of origin, race and nationality, social and property status, gender, language, education, religion, place of residence, health status and other circumstances concerning the child and his parents or other legal representatives.
Equal and comprehensive protection is enjoyed by children born in and out of wedlock.
Section 5. Prohibition of restrictions on the rights of the child

The rights of the child may not be limited, with the exception of cases established by the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Normative legal acts aimed at restricting the rights of the child are invalid from the moment of their adoption and should not be applied.
Chapter 2. State policy

for children

Article 6. Objectives of public policy for children

The objectives of the state policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the interests of children are:
1) ensuring the rights and legitimate interests of children, preventing their discrimination;

2) the consolidation of basic guarantees of the rights and legitimate interests of children, as well as the restoration of their rights in cases of violations;

3) the formation of the legal framework for guaranteeing the rights of the child, the creation of appropriate bodies and organizations to protect the rights and legitimate interests of the child;

4) assistance to the physical, intellectual, spiritual and moral development of children, the education of patriotism, citizenship and peacefulness in them, as well as the realization of the child’s personality in the interests of society, the traditions of the peoples of the state, and the achievements of national and world culture;

5) ensuring focused work on the formation of legal awareness and legal culture in a minor.

State policy in the interests of children is a priority area of ​​activity of state bodies and is based on:
1) legislative support of the rights of the child;

2) state support of the family in order to ensure the full upbringing of children, protect their rights, prepare them for a full life in society;

3) the establishment and observance of state minimum social standards aimed at improving the lives of children, taking into account regional characteristics;

4) responsibility of officials, citizens for violation of the rights and legitimate interests of the child, causing harm to him;

5) state support of public associations and other organizations performing functions to protect the rights and legitimate interests of the child.

Article 7. Powers of the central and local executive bodies of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the protection of the rights of the child in the state

The powers of the central executive bodies to ensure guarantees of the rights of the child include:
1) development of the basis of state policy in the interests of children;

2) the selection of priority areas for ensuring the rights and legitimate interests of the child, the protection of his health and morality;

3) adoption within its competence of normative legal acts on the regulation and protection of the rights and freedoms of the child;

4) the establishment of state minimum social standards aimed at improving the lives of children;

Subparagraph 5) is set out in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 12.12.04, No. 13-III (entered into force on 01.01.2005) (see previous edition)

5) implementation of measures to implement state policy in the interests of children at the expense of budget funds and other sources not prohibited by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

6) fulfillment of international obligations of the state and representation of interests of the state in international organizations on the protection of the rights of the child;

The paragraph is supplemented by subparagraph 7) in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 12.12.04 No. 13-III (entered into force on 01.01.2005)

7) determination of the range of measures for the implementation of state policy in the interests of children in the fields of upbringing, education, healthcare, science, culture, physical education and sports, social services and social protection of the family.

It is excluded in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 12.12.04, No. 13-III (entered into force on 01.01.2005) (see previous edition)
The powers of local executive bodies to implement guarantees of the rights of the child include:
1) ensuring the implementation of state and local programs for the protection of the rights and legitimate interests of children, support for family and childhood;

2) participation in the formation of social infrastructure for children;

3) determining the procedure for informing and conducting consultations, taking measures to protect the rights and legitimate interests of the child;

The paragraph is supplemented by subparagraph 4) in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 12.12.04 No. 13-III (entered into force on 01.01.2005)

4) the implementation of measures to implement state policy in the interests of children in the field of upbringing, education, health, science, culture, physical education and sports, social services and social protection of the family, determined by the central executive bodies.

Chapter 3. Basic rights and obligations of the child

Section 8. Child’s right to health

Every child has the inalienable right to health.
The state creates conditions for the mother to protect her health to ensure the birth of a healthy child.
The child’s right to health is ensured by:
1) adoption of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of child health;

2) promotion and promotion of a healthy lifestyle for children;

3) state support for scientific research in the field of child health;

4) monitoring the health of the child, his parents and the prevention of childhood diseases;

5) the provision of qualified medical care;

6) the creation of a favorable environment necessary for the healthy development of the child;

7) control over the production and sale of food products for children of appropriate quality.

The state guarantees children free medical care in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Any scientific experiments or other experiments with the child that harm his life, health and normal development are prohibited.
Article 9. The right of the child to individuality and its preservation

Every child from the moment of birth has the right to the name, patronymic and last name, nationality and citizenship, and in the cases provided for by the legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the right to retain them.

Article 10. The right of the child to life, personal freedom, inviolability of dignity and private life

Every child has the right to life, personal freedom, inviolability of dignity and private life.
The state ensures the personal inviolability of the child, protects him from physical and (or) mental violence, cruel, gross or degrading treatment, sexual acts, involvement in criminal activity and the commission of antisocial actions and other activities that infringe the rights enshrined in the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan and freedom of man and citizen.
Article 11. The right of the child to freedom of speech and conscience, information and participation in public life

Every child has the right to freedom of speech and expression of opinion, freedom of conscience, the development of his social activity, the receipt and dissemination of information appropriate to his age, voluntary participation in public associations, as well as in other forms of non-profit organizations and peaceful assemblies permitted by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan .
State bodies promote the activities of those public associations that aim to develop the personality of children, their creative inclinations, social activity, scientific, technical and artistic creativity, protect their intellectual property, protect the life and health of children, protect the environment, historical and cultural monuments participating in charitable activities, participating in participation in cultural and sports life, leisure activities.
Article 12. The right of the child to the necessary standard of living

Every child has the right to a standard of living and the conditions necessary for full physical, mental, moral and spiritual development.
The state ensures the creation of these conditions through a system of social and economic measures.

Section 13. Property Rights of the Child

The child has the right to receive maintenance from his parents and other family members in the manner and amount established by law. Amounts due to the child as alimony, allowances and other social benefits are placed at the disposal of the parents (persons replacing them) and are spent by them on the maintenance, education and upbringing of the child.
Each child in the manner prescribed by law has the right to make transactions independently or through his legal representatives, have deposits in banks and dispose of earnings, scholarships or other income and objects of intellectual property rights, acquire and exercise other property rights.
Parents or legal representatives are entitled to deposit funds in the name of the child to the banks allocated by the state as child allowance or material assistance.

Each child has a right of ownership to the income received by him, property received as a gift or by inheritance, as well as to any other property acquired at the expense of the child.
A child who earns income from his own labor has the right to participate in the costs of maintaining his family if he lives with his parents.

The child’s right to dispose of property owned by him on the right of ownership is determined by the civil legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Section 14. Child’s right to housing

Every child has the right to housing in accordance with the housing legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
An orphan, a child left without parental care and located in educational, medical and other institutions, retain ownership of the dwelling or the right to use the dwelling, and in its absence they are entitled to receive dwelling in accordance with the housing legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Children left without parental care, including orphans, cannot be evicted from their home without providing other living quarters.
Article 15. Child’s right to education

Paragraph 1 is amended in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated July 27, 07 No. 320-III (see previous edition)

Each child has the right to education and is guaranteed to receive free primary, basic secondary and general secondary education and, on a competitive basis, free technical and vocational, post-secondary and higher education in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on education.
Paragraph 2 is amended in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated July 27, 07 No. 320-III (see previous edition)

Expulsion of a child from a state educational institution before receiving free general secondary education or technical and vocational education, in addition to observing the general order of expulsion, can be carried out only with the notification of the guardianship and trusteeship authorities.
For children with disabilities who need special pedagogical approaches, additional funds are allocated from the state budget to guarantee their education at the level of established standards.
The state fully or partially incurs expenses for the maintenance of children in need of social protection during their education. The size and sources of social assistance during their education are determined by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 16. The right of the child to freedom of labor

Every child has the right to freedom of labor, free choice of occupation and profession.
Children from the age of fourteen are entitled, upon parental permission, to take part in socially useful work, free of time from school, accessible to them for health reasons and development, not harmful to the physical, moral and mental state of the child, and also have the right to receive a profession. This right is ensured by the employment service and local government.
Paragraph 3 is amended in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 05.15.07 No. 253-III (see previous edition)

The procedure for concluding and terminating an employment contract and other features of labor relations with children under the age of eighteen are established by the labor legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan
It is forbidden to take or attract a child to hard physical work and work with harmful and (or) dangerous working conditions.
Performance of work should not interrupt the learning process.

Article 17. The right of the child to state assistance

State aid is assigned to every child who has the right to receive it. The size, conditions and procedure for the provision of state assistance are established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Children left without parental care, including orphans, are fully supported by the state in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
State bodies for each child left without parental care provide the same material and other conditions, regardless of the form of guardianship or guardianship.
Article 18. Establishment of state minimum social standards

State policy for children is based on state minimum social standards.
State minimum social standards include the established minimum amount of social services for:
Subparagraph 1 is amended in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated July 27, 07 No. 320-III (see previous edition)

1) guaranteed, publicly available free primary, basic secondary and general secondary education and, on a competitive basis, in accordance with the state educational order, free technical and vocational, post-secondary and higher education;

2) free medical care for children, providing them with food in accordance with the minimum nutritional standards;

3) guaranteed provision for children upon reaching the age of fifteen years of the right to vocational guidance, choice of field of activity, employment, labor protection, remuneration in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

4) social services, social protection of children, including the provision of guaranteed material support by paying state benefits to citizens with children in connection with their birth and upbringing, as well as measures for social adaptation and social rehabilitation of children in difficult situations;

5) ensuring the right to housing in accordance with the housing legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

6) the organization of recreation and recreation, including children living in extreme conditions, as well as in areas unfavorable in environmental terms and recognized as such in the manner established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

7) the provision of qualified legal assistance.

State minimum social standards are determined taking into account regional differences in the conditions of their residence. In accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, local government bodies can establish additional social standards.
Children who are in the appropriate educational organization, special educational organization, healthcare organization, social services or other institution and organization are entitled to periodically assess the compliance of the services provided by them with state minimum social standards.
Section 19. Child’s right to rest and leisure

Every child has the right to rest and leisure corresponding to his age, health and needs.
Parents or persons replacing them provide, in accordance with their abilities and capabilities, the living conditions necessary for the maintenance and full development of the child.
State bodies establish and support children’s health, sports, creative and other leisure organizations, camps and motels in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The state takes measures to ensure the right of children to rest, health and leisure.
Section 20. Duties of the Child

Every child is obliged to comply with the Constitution and legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, respect the rights, freedoms, honor and dignity of others, state symbols of the Republic, take care of disabled parents, preserve historical and cultural heritage, protect historical and cultural monuments, preserve nature and take care of natural resources .

Chapter 4. The child and the family

Article 21. The right of the child to live and be raised in the family

Every child has the right to live and be brought up in a family, the right to know his parents, the right to their care and upbringing, unless this is contrary to his interests.

Article 22. Rights of the child in the family

A child in the family has the rights established by the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan, this Law and other legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 23. State support for families raising children

The state provides support to families raising children by providing social assistance in the manner established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 24. Duties of parents in raising a child, caring for him and maintaining

Parents or other legal representatives must create, within the limits of their abilities and financial capabilities, the living conditions necessary for the full development of the child.
Parents must raise a child, care for him, support him financially, take care of his well-being, provide him with housing.
Section 25. Child’s right to stay with parents

The child has the right to cohabit with his parents or other legal representatives.
It is forbidden to separate the child from parents or other legal representatives against the will of the child, parents or legal representatives. The decision on separation is taken only by the court in exceptional cases and only to the extent necessary to protect the child.
The child’s place of residence when the parents are separated is established by agreement of the parents, and in its absence the dispute between the parents is settled by the court. In this case, the court takes into account the personal qualities and situation of the parents, as well as the interests and opinion of the child.
Article 26. The right of the child to communicate with separately living parents

The child has the right to receive information about the parent living separately from him, to meet and communicate with him, except in cases where there is a threat to the life and health of the child.
Disputes arising in connection with the restriction of the rights of the child provided for in this article shall be resolved in court.
Chapter 5. Rights of the child remaining

without parental care

Article 27. Guardianship, guardianship and patronage

Custody or guardianship is established over a child left without parental care to protect his property and personal non-property rights in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Custody is established for children under the age of fourteen, and guardianship is established for minors between the ages of fourteen and eighteen.
Guardianship and trusteeship bodies are local executive bodies.
A patronage may be established for a child left without parental care, including those in an educational, medical or other institution, in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
If a child over whom guardianship or trusteeship is established has brothers and sisters, conditions are created for them to live together.
Article 28. Adoption

In order to create conditions for development and upbringing in the family, a child who is left without parental care may be transferred for adoption in the manner established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 29. Maintenance and upbringing of a child in educational, medical and other similar institutions

A child who is left without parental care, if it is not possible to transfer him to foster care, is subject to placement in an educational, medical or other similar institution.
Alimony, benefits and other social benefits due to the child are transferred to his personal account and paid in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
A child who is in educational, medical and other similar institutions for children left without parental care is provided with conditions close to family ones. The child has the right to maintenance, upbringing, education, all-round development, respect for his honor and dignity, ensuring his interests, preserving his native language, culture, national customs and traditions.
Employees of educational, medical and other similar institutions for children without parental care who have committed anti-pedagogical or immoral acts in relation to a child in these institutions are responsible in accordance with the legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Protection of the rights and interests of a child who is in educational, medical and other institutions for children without parental care, assistance in finding employment is carried out by local executive bodies. Orphans who have lost their parents before adulthood are provided with housing from the state housing fund for use in accordance with the housing legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Article 30. Organizations performing the functions of protecting the rights of the child

Orphans and children left without parental care from birth to three years are accepted into the orphanage. A special department is opened for the temporary detention of children in the orphanage.
Children with mental and physical disabilities from birth to four years old are admitted to specialized Orphanages.

Children with deviant behavior between the ages of eleven and eighteen are placed in special educational organizations.

Orphanages accept orphans and children without parental care, from the age of three to eighteen years.

Orphans, children without parental care, as well as children from low-income and large families from six to eighteen years of age who do not have medical contraindications for keeping in organizations of this type are admitted to a general boarding school of a general type. Boarding organizations provide state guarantees for the upbringing, education and maintenance of minors with the provision of a place of residence.

Children who need care, medical, domestic services and social and labor adaptation from four to eighteen years old are admitted to the boarding house for mentally retarded children.

Orphans and children without parental care, under the age of eighteen, are admitted to the family-type children’s village. The reception procedure and conditions for keeping children in family-type children’s villages are determined by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on family-type children’s villages and Youth Houses.

In the Youth House, based on the decision of the administration of the children’s village (orphanage), graduates of orphanages and children’s villages under the age of twenty-three years of age, pupils over the age of sixteen transferred from the children’s village and orphanages can undergo social adaptation.

The centers for temporary isolation, adaptation and rehabilitation of minors accept unaccompanied and street children from the age of three to eighteen to establish their parents or other legal representatives.

The conditions for the admission and detention of children in organizations performing the functions of protecting the rights of the child, to the extent not established by this Law, are determined by the regulations on these organizations, approved by a body authorized by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Chapter 6. Rights of a disabled child

Article 31. Rights of a disabled child to a full life

A disabled child has equal rights with healthy children to a full life in conditions that ensure his dignity and contribute to the active inclusion in society.
A disabled child has the right to receive an education corresponding to his physical, mental abilities and desires, to choose his occupation and profession, to participate in creative and social activities.
Children with disabilities, including children with mental or physical disabilities, are entitled to receive medical and social assistance in specialized children’s organizations.

Article 38. Protection of a child from narcotic drugs, psychotropic, potent or toxic substances

The child must be protected from the use of narcotic drugs, psychotropic, potent or toxic substances, from their manufacture, sale or other distribution.
Responsibility measures established by legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan are applied for inducing a child to use narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances.
Article 39. The child and the media

It is forbidden for children to display, sell, donate, reproduce and rent toys, movies, sound and video recordings, distribute literature, newspapers, magazines and other mass media aimed at inciting racial, national, social and religious hatred, promoting class exclusiveness, a war containing calls for a violent change in the constitutional order and violation of the territorial integrity of the Republic of Kazakhstan, pornography or otherwise harming the spiritual and moral child development.
For committing the acts referred to in paragraph 1 of this article, liability measures established by the legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan are applied.
Article 40. Protection of a child from prostitution and pornography

Responsibility for involving a child in prostitution, distribution, advertising, or sale to a child of pornographic materials or objects, print media, film or video materials, images or other objects of a pornographic nature and erotic content is established in the manner prescribed by legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 41. Prohibition of the participation of children in hostilities

It is forbidden to involve a child in military operations, armed conflicts, the creation of children’s militias.

Chapter 8. Protection of rights and protected

the law of interests of the child

Article 42. Protection of a child from illegal movement

The state in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan and international obligations takes measures to prevent and suppress the illegal movement, abduction of children, trafficking in them, regardless of the goals, forms and methods of execution, as well as their return to their country of permanent residence.

Article 43. Legal representatives of the child

The legal representatives of the child shall represent the children and protect their rights and legally protected interests in relations with any persons in all state bodies and organizations, including the courts, without special authority on the basis of the child’s birth certificate (or adoption), parental passport, certificate personality guardian.
The rights and interests protected by law of minors between the ages of fourteen and eighteen are protected by their legal representatives, with the exception of cases when the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan provides for the right of a minor to independently enter into civil, marriage, family, labor and other legal relations and protect their rights and interests.
Representation and protection of the interests of children in educational, medical organizations, social protection organizations of the population or other organizations are carried out by these organizations in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Representation and protection of the rights and legally protected interests of a child left without parental care, temporarily, until the child is placed in a family or organization that performs the functions of protecting the rights of children, is assigned to the guardianship and trusteeship authority.

Article 44. State bodies and the protection of the rights of the child

The protection of the rights and interests of children protected by law is carried out by state bodies in accordance with their powers.

Article 45. The judicial procedure for the settlement of disputes in the execution of this Law

Parents (persons replacing them), as well as persons carrying out activities for the education, upbringing, development, protection of health, social protection and social services of the child, promoting his social adaptation, social rehabilitation and (or) other activities with his participation, have the right to apply in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the court with a claim for compensation for the child’s harm caused to his health, property, as well as moral harm.

Article 46. State report on the situation of children in the Republic of Kazakhstan

The annual state report on the situation of children in the Republic of Kazakhstan is submitted by the authorized body in the field of protection of children’s rights to the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan and is published in the official publication.

Article 47. Protection of the rights of refugee children and internally displaced persons

Refugee children and internally displaced persons have the right to protect their interests.
Guardianship authorities at the child’s location, territorial migration services assist in obtaining information about the presence and place of residence of parents or other legal representatives, if necessary, appoint the child to medical treatment or other organizations that carry out functions to protect the rights of the child.
Chapter 9. Features of the responsibility of the child and

impact on his behavior

Article 48. Features of the responsibility of the child

A child who has committed an illegal act is liable in accordance with the legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
When assigning the type of punishment, state bodies and officials must take into account the child’s living and upbringing conditions, the level of mental development, other personality characteristics, as well as the influence of older persons on him.
Article 49. Features of the impact on the behavior of the child

When exercising parental rights, parents and other legal representatives are not entitled to cause harm to the physical and mental health of the child, his moral development. Methods of raising a child should exclude neglect, cruel, rude, degrading treatment of human dignity, insult or exploitation of the child.

Chapter 10. Final Provisions

Article 50. Responsibility for violation of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the rights of the child

Persons guilty of violating the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the rights of the child are liable in accordance with the legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Failure to fulfill parental duties, improper fulfillment by parents (persons replacing them) of the duties of raising and supporting children, parents abandoning the child in the maternity hospital (department) or children’s medical institution, leaving children without supervision, child abuse, and their exploitation entail deprivation of parental rights or their restriction in persons replacing them.
From the moment the child is selected, the payment of benefits, as well as other payments for the child, shall be terminated by a court decision.

In the case of the use by parents (persons replacing them) of benefits and other payments for children for other purposes, if this substantially infringes on the interests of the child, social protection authorities, guardianship and guardianship authorities, commissions for the protection of the rights of minors or the prosecutor in the interests of the child file a claim for compensation him unreasonably spent funds. The funds recovered by the court are transferred to the personal account of the child.
Parents deprived of parental rights are not exempted from the obligation to pay child support for children for whom they are deprived of parental rights.
Article 51. Coordination by the authorized body for the implementation of compliance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the rights of the child

The authorized body in the field of protection of children’s rights is determined by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

The authorized body in the field of protection of children’s rights:

1) coordinates and directs the activities of other interested authorized bodies in the field of protecting the rights of the child;

2) develops various programs for the implementation of the fundamental rights of the child;

3) provides an annual review in the direction of improving the minimum social standards, norms and standards of indicators of children’s lives;

4) coordinate the activities of authorized bodies in the field of protecting the rights of children in international cooperation.

Article 52 is set out in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 01.31.06, No. 125-III (see old edition)

Article 52. Monitoring compliance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the rights of the child

Monitoring compliance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the rights of the child is aimed at ensuring the rights and legitimate interests of the child and is carried out by authorized state bodies within the competence defined by the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The object of control is the activity of individuals and legal entities aimed at realizing the rights of the child.
Control is carried out in the form of inspections (planned, unscheduled).
Scheduled inspections are carried out once a year in accordance with schedules approved by authorized state bodies.
Unscheduled inspections are carried out in cases requiring immediate elimination of the threat of violation of the protected rights and legitimate interests of the child, as well as requiring immediate response to citizens’ appeals.

The period for conducting inspections should not exceed five days.

Article 53. Coordination of activities of state bodies and organizations performing functions to protect the rights of the child

The coordination of the activities of state bodies and organizations carrying out functions to protect the rights of the child is carried out by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N. Nazarbayev
The Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated August 8, 2002 No. 345-II

On the rights of the child in the Republic of Kazakhstan

(as amended on July 27, 2007)

Chapter 1. General provisions Chapter 2. State policy in the interests of children Chapter 3. Basic rights and obligations of the child Chapter 4. Child and family Chapter 5. Rights of a child without parental care Chapter 6. Rights of a disabled child Chapter 7. Child and society Chapter 8. Protection of the rights and interests of the child protected by law Chapter 9. Features of the responsibility of the child and impact on his behavior Chapter 10. Final provisions (Articles 1-5) (Articles 6-7) (Articles 8-20) (Articles 21-26) ( Articles 27-30) (Articles 31-33) (Articles 34-41) (Articles 42-47) (Articles 48-49) (Articles 50-53)
There is no table of contents in the original

This Law regulates relations arising in connection with the realization of the basic rights and interests of the child guaranteed by the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan, based on the principles of priority for preparing children for a full life in society, developing socially significant and creative activity in them, fostering high moral qualities, patriotism in them and citizenship, the formation of national identity on the basis of the universal values ​​of world civilization.

Chapter 1. General Provisions

Article 1. Basic concepts used in this Law

The following basic concepts are used in this Law:

1) child – a person under the age of eighteen (majority);

2) the legal representatives of the child – parents, adoptive parents (adoptive parents), guardian, trustee, foster carer, other persons replacing them, who in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan take care, education, upbringing, protection of the rights and interests of the child;

3) a child left without parental care – a child who was left without the care of one or both parents in connection with the restriction or deprivation of their parental rights, recognition of parents missing, declaring them dead, declaring them legally incompetent (partially capable), serving their parents in places of imprisonment, evading parents from raising a child or protecting their rights and interests, including when parents refuse to take their child from an educational or medical institution niya, as well as in other cases of lack of parental care;

4) an orphan – a child in whom both or a single parent died;

Subparagraph 5) is set out in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 04.13.05, No. 40-III (see previous edition)

5) disabled child – a person under the age of eighteen years of age who has a health disorder with persistent dysfunction of the body due to diseases, injuries, their consequences, defects, leading to limited life and the need for social protection;

6) custody – a legal form of protection of the rights and interests of children under the age of fourteen;

7) guardianship – a legal form of protection of the rights and interests of children aged fourteen to eighteen years;

8) patronage – a form of upbringing in which a child without parental care is transferred to a family of citizens under an agreement concluded by an authorized state body and a person (foster carer) who has expressed a desire to bring up the child;

9) social adaptation of a child – the process of actively adapting a child in a difficult life situation to the conditions of the social environment through the assimilation and perception of values, rules and norms of behavior accepted in society, as well as the process of overcoming the consequences of psychological and (or) moral trauma;

10) organizations that perform the functions of protecting the rights of the child are organizations that, regardless of the legal form, provide social support, provide social services, medical and social, social and pedagogical, psychological and pedagogical, legal services and material assistance, social rehabilitation children in difficult situations, ensuring the employment of such children after they reach working age;

11) state minimum social standards – the main indicators of ensuring the quality of life of children, including the minimum amount of social services, norms and standards established by the state;

12) children in difficult life situations – children whose life activity is violated as a result of the circumstances and who cannot overcome these circumstances on their own or with the help of the family.

Section 2. Effect of this Law

This Law applies to citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan, foreigners and stateless persons.
The provisions of this Law establishing the rights and obligations of a child shall not apply to children who have acquired full civil legal capacity before coming of age in accordance with the legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Article 3. The legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the rights of the child

The legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the rights of the child is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan and consists of this Law and other regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of protection of the rights of the child.
If an international treaty ratified by the Republic of Kazakhstan establishes rules other than those contained in this Law, then the rules of the international treaty shall apply, unless the international treaty implies that its application requires the publication of the law of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Article 4. Equal rights of children

All children have equal rights regardless of origin, race and nationality, social and property status, gender, language, education, religion, place of residence, health status and other circumstances concerning the child and his parents or other legal representatives.
Equal and comprehensive protection is enjoyed by children born in and out of wedlock.
Section 5. Prohibition of restrictions on the rights of the child

The rights of the child may not be limited, with the exception of cases established by the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Normative legal acts aimed at restricting the rights of the child are invalid from the moment of their adoption and should not be applied.
Chapter 2. State policy

for children

Article 6. Objectives of public policy for children

The objectives of the state policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the interests of children are:
1) ensuring the rights and legitimate interests of children, preventing their discrimination;

2) the consolidation of basic guarantees of the rights and legitimate interests of children, as well as the restoration of their rights in cases of violations;

3) the formation of the legal framework for guaranteeing the rights of the child, the creation of appropriate bodies and organizations to protect the rights and legitimate interests of the child;

4) assistance to the physical, intellectual, spiritual and moral development of children, the education of patriotism, citizenship and peacefulness in them, as well as the realization of the child’s personality in the interests of society, the traditions of the peoples of the state, and the achievements of national and world culture;

5) ensuring focused work on the formation of legal awareness and legal culture in a minor.

State policy in the interests of children is a priority area of ​​activity of state bodies and is based on:
1) legislative support of the rights of the child;

2) state support of the family in order to ensure the full upbringing of children, protect their rights, prepare them for a full life in society;

3) adoption within its competence of normative legal acts on the regulation and protection of the rights and freedoms of the child;

4) the establishment of state minimum social standards aimed at improving the lives of children;

Subparagraph 5) is set out in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 12.12.04, No. 13-III (entered into force on 01.01.2005) (see previous edition)

5) implementation of measures to implement state policy in the interests of children at the expense of budget funds and other sources not prohibited by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

6) fulfillment of international obligations of the state and representation of interests of the state in international organizations on the protection of the rights of the child;

The paragraph is supplemented by subparagraph 7) in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 12.12.04 No. 13-III (entered into force on 01.01.2005)

7) determination of the range of measures for the implementation of state policy in the interests of children in the fields of upbringing, education, healthcare, science, culture, physical education and sports, social services and social protection of the family.

It is excluded in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 12.12.04, No. 13-III (entered into force on 01.01.2005) (see previous edition)
The powers of local executive bodies to implement guarantees of the rights of the child include:
1) ensuring the implementation of state and local programs for the protection of the rights and legitimate interests of children, support for family and childhood;

2) participation in the formation of social infrastructure for children;

3) determining the procedure for informing and conducting consultations, taking measures to protect the rights and legitimate interests of the child;

The paragraph is supplemented by subparagraph 4) in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 12.12.04 No. 13-III (entered into force on 01.01.2005)

4) the implementation of measures to implement state policy in the interests of children in the field of upbringing, education, health, science, culture, physical education and sports, social services and social protection of the family, determined by the central executive bodies.

Chapter 3. Basic rights and obligations of the child

Section 8. Child’s right to health

Every child has the inalienable right to health.
The state creates conditions for the mother to protect her health to ensure the birth of a healthy child.
The child’s right to health is ensured by:
1) adoption of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of child health;

2) promotion and promotion of a healthy lifestyle for children;

3) state support for scientific research in the field of child health;

4) monitoring the health of the child, his parents and the prevention of childhood diseases;

5) the provision of qualified medical care;

6) the creation of a favorable environment necessary for the healthy development of the child;

7) control over the production and sale of food products for children of appropriate quality.

The state guarantees children free medical care in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Any scientific experiments or other experiments with the child that harm his life, health and normal development are prohibited.
Article 9. The right of the child to individuality and its preservation

Every child from the moment of birth has the right to the name, patronymic and last name, nationality and citizenship, and in the cases provided for by the legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the right to retain them.

Article 10. The right of the child to life, personal freedom, inviolability of dignity and private life

Every child has the right to life, personal freedom, inviolability of dignity and private life.
The state ensures the personal inviolability of the child, protects him from physical and (or) mental violence, cruel, gross or degrading treatment, sexual acts, involvement in criminal activity and the commission of antisocial actions and other activities that infringe the rights enshrined in the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan and freedom of man and citizen.
Article 11. The right of the child to freedom of speech and conscience, information and participation in public life

Every child has the right to freedom of speech and expression of opinion, freedom of conscience, the development of his social activity, the receipt and dissemination of information appropriate to his age, voluntary participation in public associations, as well as in other forms of non-profit organizations and peaceful assemblies permitted by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan .
State bodies promote the activities of those public associations that aim to develop the personality of children, their creative inclinations, social activity, scientific, technical and artistic creativity, protect their intellectual property, protect the life and health of children, protect the environment, historical and cultural monuments participating in charitable activities, participating in participation in cultural and sports life, leisure activities.
Article 12. The right of the child to the necessary standard of living

Every child has the right to a standard of living and the conditions necessary for full physical, mental, moral and spiritual development.
The state ensures the creation of these conditions through a system of social and economic measures.
Section 13. Property Rights of the Child

The child has the right to receive maintenance from his parents and other family members in the manner and amount established by law. Amounts due to the child as alimony, allowances and other social benefits are placed at the disposal of the parents (persons replacing them) and are spent by them on the maintenance, education and upbringing of the child.
Each child in the manner prescribed by law has the right to make transactions independently or through his legal representatives, have deposits in banks and dispose of earnings, scholarships or other income and objects of intellectual property rights, acquire and exercise other property rights.
Parents or legal representatives are entitled to deposit funds in the name of the child to the banks allocated by the state as child allowance or material assistance.

Each child has a right of ownership to the income received by him, property received as a gift or by inheritance, as well as to any other property acquired at the expense of the child.
A child who earns income from his own labor has the right to participate in the costs of maintaining his family if he lives with his parents.

The child’s right to dispose of property owned by him on the right of ownership is determined by the civil legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Section 14. Child’s right to housing

Every child has the right to housing in accordance with the housing legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
An orphan, a child left without parental care and located in educational, medical and other institutions, retain ownership of the dwelling or the right to use the dwelling, and in its absence they are entitled to receive dwelling in accordance with the housing legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Children left without parental care, including orphans, cannot be evicted from their home without providing other living quarters.
Article 15. Child’s right to education

Paragraph 1 is amended in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated July 27, 07 No. 320-III (see previous edition)

Each child has the right to education and is guaranteed to receive free primary, basic secondary and general secondary education and, on a competitive basis, free technical and vocational, post-secondary and higher education in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on education.
Paragraph 2 is amended in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated July 27, 07 No. 320-III (see previous edition)

Expulsion of a child from a state educational institution before receiving free general secondary education or technical and vocational education, in addition to observing the general order of expulsion, can be carried out only with the notification of the guardianship and trusteeship authorities.
For children with disabilities who need special pedagogical approaches, additional funds are allocated from the state budget to guarantee their education at the level of established standards.
The state fully or partially incurs expenses for the maintenance of children in need of social protection during their education. The size and sources of social assistance during their education are determined by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Article 16. The right of the child to freedom of labor

Every child has the right to freedom of labor, free choice of occupation and profession.
Children from the age of fourteen are entitled, upon parental permission, to take part in socially useful work, free of time from school, accessible to them for health reasons and development, not harmful to the physical, moral and mental state of the child, and also have the right to receive a profession. This right is ensured by the employment service and local government.
Paragraph 3 is amended in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 05.15.07 No. 253-III (see previous edition)

The procedure for concluding and terminating an employment contract and other features of labor relations with children under the age of eighteen are established by the labor legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan
It is forbidden to take or attract a child to hard physical work and work with harmful and (or) dangerous working conditions.
Performance of work should not interrupt the learning process.

Article 17. The right of the child to state assistance

State aid is assigned to every child who has the right to receive it. The size, conditions and procedure for the provision of state assistance are established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Children left without parental care, including orphans, are fully supported by the state in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
State bodies for each child left without parental care provide the same material and other conditions, regardless of the form of guardianship or guardianship.
Article 18. Establishment of state minimum social standards

State policy for children is based on state minimum social standards.
State minimum social standards include the established minimum amount of social services for:
Subparagraph 1 is amended in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated July 27, 07 No. 320-III (see previous edition)

1) guaranteed, publicly available free primary, basic secondary and general secondary education and, on a competitive basis, in accordance with the state educational order, free technical and vocational, post-secondary and higher education;

2) free medical care for children, providing them with food in accordance with the minimum nutritional standards;

3) guaranteed provision for children upon reaching the age of fifteen years of the right to vocational guidance, choice of field of activity, employment, labor protection, remuneration in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

4) social services, social protection of children, including the provision of guaranteed material support by paying state benefits to citizens with children in connection with their birth and upbringing, as well as measures for social adaptation and social rehabilitation of children in difficult situations;

5) ensuring the right to housing in accordance with the housing legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

6) the organization of recreation and recreation, including children living in extreme conditions, as well as in areas unfavorable in environmental terms and recognized as such in the manner established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

7) the provision of qualified legal assistance.

State minimum social standards are determined taking into account regional differences in the conditions of their residence. In accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, local government bodies can establish additional social standards.
Children who are in the appropriate educational organization, special educational organization, healthcare organization, social services or other institution and organization are entitled to periodically assess the compliance of the services provided by them with state minimum social standards.
Section 19. Child’s right to rest and leisure

Every child has the right to rest and leisure corresponding to his age, health and needs.
Parents or persons replacing them provide, in accordance with their abilities and capabilities, the living conditions necessary for the maintenance and full development of the child.
State bodies establish and support children’s health, sports, creative and other leisure organizations, camps and motels in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The state takes measures to ensure the right of children to rest, health and leisure.
Section 20. Duties of the Child

Every child is obliged to comply with the Constitution and legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, respect the rights, freedoms, honor and dignity of others, state symbols of the Republic, take care of disabled parents, preserve historical and cultural heritage, protect historical and cultural monuments, preserve nature and take care of natural resources .

Chapter 4. The child and the family

Article 21. The right of the child to live and be raised in the family

Every child has the right to live and be brought up in a family, the right to know his parents, the right to their care and upbringing, unless this is contrary to his interests.

Article 22. Rights of the child in the family

A child in the family has the rights established by the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan, this Law and other legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 23. State support for families raising children

The state provides support to families raising children by providing social assistance in the manner established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 24. Duties of parents in raising a child, caring for him and maintaining

Parents or other legal representatives must create, within the limits of their abilities and financial capabilities, the living conditions necessary for the full development of the child.
Parents must raise a child, care for him, support him financially, take care of his well-being, provide him with housing.
Section 25. Child’s right to stay with parents

The child has the right to cohabit with his parents or other legal representatives.
It is forbidden to separate the child from parents or other legal representatives against the will of the child, parents or legal representatives. The decision on separation is taken only by the court in exceptional cases and only to the extent necessary to protect the child.
The child’s place of residence when the parents are separated is established by agreement of the parents, and in its absence the dispute between the parents is settled by the court. In this case, the court takes into account the personal qualities and situation of the parents, as well as the interests and opinion of the child.
Article 26. The right of the child to communicate with separately living parents

The child has the right to receive information about the parent living separately from him, to meet and communicate with him, except in cases where there is a threat to the life and health of the child.
Disputes arising in connection with the restriction of the rights of the child provided for in this article shall be resolved in court.
Chapter 5. Rights of the child remaining

without parental care

Article 27. Guardianship, guardianship and patronage

Custody or guardianship is established over a child left without parental care to protect his property and personal non-property rights in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Custody is established for children under the age of fourteen, and guardianship is established for minors between the ages of fourteen and eighteen.
Guardianship and trusteeship bodies are local executive bodies.
A patronage may be established for a child left without parental care, including those in an educational, medical or other institution, in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
If a child over whom guardianship or trusteeship is established has brothers and sisters, conditions are created for them to live together.

Article 28. Adoption

In order to create conditions for development and upbringing in the family, a child who is left without parental care may be transferred for adoption in the manner established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 29. Maintenance and upbringing of a child in educational, medical and other similar institutions

A child who is left without parental care, if it is not possible to transfer him to foster care, is subject to placement in an educational, medical or other similar institution.
Alimony, benefits and other social benefits due to the child are transferred to his personal account and paid in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
A child who is in educational, medical and other similar institutions for children left without parental care is provided with conditions close to family ones. The child has the right to maintenance, upbringing, education, all-round development, respect for his honor and dignity, ensuring his interests, preserving his native language, culture, national customs and traditions.
Employees of educational, medical and other similar institutions for children without parental care who have committed anti-pedagogical or immoral acts in relation to a child in these institutions are responsible in accordance with the legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Protection of the rights and interests of a child who is in educational, medical and other institutions for children without parental care, assistance in finding employment is carried out by local executive bodies. Orphans who have lost their parents before adulthood are provided with housing from the state housing fund for use in accordance with the housing legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Article 30. Organizations performing the functions of protecting the rights of the child

Orphans and children left without parental care from birth to three years are accepted into the orphanage. A special department is opened for the temporary detention of children in the orphanage.
Children with mental and physical disabilities from birth to four years old are admitted to specialized Orphanages.

Children with deviant behavior between the ages of eleven and eighteen are placed in special educational organizations.

Orphanages accept orphans and children without parental care, from the age of three to eighteen years.

Orphans, children without parental care, as well as children from low-income and large families from six to eighteen years of age who do not have medical contraindications for keeping in organizations of this type are admitted to a general boarding school of a general type. Boarding organizations provide state guarantees for the upbringing, education and maintenance of minors with the provision of a place of residence.

Children who need care, medical, domestic services and social and labor adaptation from four to eighteen years old are admitted to the boarding house for mentally retarded children.

Orphans and children without parental care, under the age of eighteen, are admitted to the family-type children’s village. The reception procedure and conditions for keeping children in family-type children’s villages are determined by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on family-type children’s villages and Youth Houses.

In the Youth House, based on the decision of the administration of the children’s village (orphanage), graduates of orphanages and children’s villages under the age of twenty-three years of age, pupils over the age of sixteen transferred from the children’s village and orphanages can undergo social adaptation.

The centers for temporary isolation, adaptation and rehabilitation of minors accept unaccompanied and street children from the age of three to eighteen to establish their parents or other legal representatives.

The conditions for the admission and detention of children in organizations performing the functions of protecting the rights of the child, to the extent not established by this Law, are determined by the regulations on these organizations, approved by a body authorized by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Chapter 6. Rights of a disabled child

Article 31. Rights of a disabled child to a full life

A disabled child has equal rights with healthy children to a full life in conditions that ensure his dignity and contribute to the active inclusion in society.
A disabled child has the right to receive an education corresponding to his physical, mental abilities and desires, to choose his occupation and profession, to participate in creative and social activities.
Children with disabilities, including children with mental or physical disabilities, are entitled to receive medical and social assistance in specialized children’s organizations.

Article 32. State guarantees in the field of employment of a disabled child

State bodies and local self-government bodies are obliged to create the necessary conditions for education, training, selection of suitable work and employment of a disabled child, taking into account his state of health, needs and opportunities.
Legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan may establish benefits for individuals and legal entities engaged in activities for the provision of employment for children with disabilities, the organization of their vocational training and retraining.
Article 33. State assistance for children with disabilities

The state implements a set of medical, legal, socio-economic measures aimed at supporting children with disabilities.
State assistance provided to children with disabilities is established by legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Parents and other legal representatives raising a disabled child and caring for him have the right to receive state assistance.
Chapter 7. The child and society

Article 34. Introduction to national and world culture

The state provides children with the opportunity to familiarize themselves with the history, traditions and spiritual values ​​of the people of Kazakhstan and the achievements of world culture.
The state encourages the creation of an organization for the development of creative and scientific abilities of children, the release of films and videos, television and radio programs, the publication of children’s newspapers, magazines and books, ensures their availability in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The use of mass media, literature, spectacular and other events disseminating pornography, a cult of cruelty and violence, insulting human dignity, having harmful effects on children and contributing to the commission of offenses is punishable by law.
Article 35. Child and religion

The state guarantees non-interference in the upbringing of the child, based on the religious worldview of the parents or their substitutes, observance of traditions and the performance of religious rituals with the participation of the child outside educational organizations, educational, medical and other similar institutions, unless these actions threaten life and health of the child, violate his rights and limit liability.
In relation to children under the age of majority, religious rites are performed with the consent of the parents or persons replacing them.
Coercive measures to attract children to religion are not allowed.

Article 36. Protection of the child from the negative impact of the social environment

State bodies, individuals and legal entities are obliged to protect the child from the negative effects of the social environment, information, propaganda and agitation that harm his health, moral and spiritual development.
The state recognizes the promotion of healthy lifestyles and legal education of children as one of the priority areas of its policy.
A child who has suffered physical or psychological trauma as a result of a crime, violence or other illegal act should be provided with the necessary assistance in restoring health and social adaptation.
Article 37. Protection of the child from the harmful effects of alcohol and tobacco products

Parents, other legal representatives of the child, government agencies, as well as organizations that carry out the functions of raising and educating the child, are required to promote a healthy lifestyle and the harm of alcohol and tobacco products.
The sale of alcoholic beverages, tobacco and tobacco products to a child is prohibited.
The use of child labor in the production or sale of alcohol and tobacco products is prohibited.
It is forbidden to smoke tobacco products, the sale of tobacco products in trade organizations selling children’s goods, and in cultural institutions, as well as during events for children.
It is forbidden to sell alcohol in children’s institutions, educational institutions and in adjacent territories within a radius of one hundred meters.

Article 38. Protection of a child from narcotic drugs, psychotropic, potent or toxic substances

The child must be protected from the use of narcotic drugs, psychotropic, potent or toxic substances, from their manufacture, sale or other distribution.
Responsibility measures established by legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan are applied for inducing a child to use narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances.
Article 39. The child and the media

It is forbidden for children to display, sell, donate, reproduce and rent toys, movies, sound and video recordings, distribute literature, newspapers, magazines and other mass media aimed at inciting racial, national, social and religious hatred, promoting class exclusiveness, a war containing calls for a violent change in the constitutional order and violation of the territorial integrity of the Republic of Kazakhstan, pornography or otherwise harming the spiritual and moral child development.
For committing the acts referred to in paragraph 1 of this article, liability measures established by the legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan are applied.
Article 40. Protection of a child from prostitution and pornography

Responsibility for involving a child in prostitution, distribution, advertising, or sale to a child of pornographic materials or objects, print media, film or video materials, images or other objects of a pornographic nature and erotic content is established in the manner prescribed by legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 41. Prohibition of the participation of children in hostilities

It is forbidden to involve a child in military operations, armed conflicts, the creation of children’s militias.

Chapter 8. Protection of rights and protected

the law of interests of the child

Article 42. Protection of a child from illegal movement

The state in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan and international obligations takes measures to prevent and suppress the illegal movement, abduction of children, trafficking in them, regardless of the goals, forms and methods of execution, as well as their return to their country of permanent residence.

Article 43. Legal representatives of the child

The legal representatives of the child shall represent the children and protect their rights and legally protected interests in relations with any persons in all state bodies and organizations, including the courts, without special authority on the basis of the child’s birth certificate (or adoption), parental passport, certificate personality guardian.
The rights and interests protected by law of minors between the ages of fourteen and eighteen are protected by their legal representatives, with the exception of cases when the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan provides for the right of a minor to independently enter into civil, marriage, family, labor and other legal relations and protect their rights and interests.
Representation and protection of the interests of children in educational, medical organizations, social protection organizations of the population or other organizations are carried out by these organizations in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Representation and protection of the rights and legally protected interests of a child left without parental care, temporarily, until the child is placed in a family or organization that performs the functions of protecting the rights of children, is assigned to the guardianship and trusteeship authority.
Article 44. State bodies and the protection of the rights of the child

The protection of the rights and interests of children protected by law is carried out by state bodies in accordance with their powers.

Article 45. The judicial procedure for the settlement of disputes in the execution of this Law

Parents (persons replacing them), as well as persons carrying out activities for the education, upbringing, development, protection of health, social protection and social services of the child, promoting his social adaptation, social rehabilitation and (or) other activities with his participation, have the right to apply in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the court with a claim for compensation for the child’s harm caused to his health, property, as well as moral harm.

Article 46. State report on the situation of children in the Republic of Kazakhstan

The annual state report on the situation of children in the Republic of Kazakhstan is submitted by the authorized body in the field of protection of children’s rights to the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan and is published in the official publication.

Article 47. Protection of the rights of refugee children and internally displaced persons

Refugee children and internally displaced persons have the right to protect their interests.
Guardianship authorities at the child’s location, territorial migration services assist in obtaining information about the presence and place of residence of parents or other legal representatives, if necessary, appoint the child to medical treatment or other organizations that carry out functions to protect the rights of the child.
Chapter 9. Features of the responsibility of the child and

impact on his behavior

Article 48. Features of the responsibility of the child

A child who has committed an illegal act is liable in accordance with the legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
When assigning the type of punishment, state bodies and officials must take into account the child’s living and upbringing conditions, the level of mental development, other personality characteristics, as well as the influence of older persons on him.
Article 49. Features of the impact on the behavior of the child

When exercising parental rights, parents and other legal representatives are not entitled to cause harm to the physical and mental health of the child, his moral development. Methods of raising a child should exclude neglect, cruel, rude, degrading treatment of human dignity, insult or exploitation of the child.

Chapter 10. Final Provisions

Article 50. Responsibility for violation of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the rights of the child

Persons guilty of violating the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the rights of the child are liable in accordance with the legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Failure to fulfill parental duties, improper fulfillment by parents (persons replacing them) of the duties of raising and supporting children, parents abandoning the child in the maternity hospital (department) or children’s medical institution, leaving children without supervision, child abuse, and their exploitation entail deprivation of parental rights or their restriction in persons replacing them.
From the moment the child is selected, the payment of benefits, as well as other payments for the child, shall be terminated by a court decision.

In the case of the use by parents (persons replacing them) of benefits and other payments for children for other purposes, if this substantially infringes on the interests of the child, social protection authorities, guardianship and guardianship authorities, commissions for the protection of the rights of minors or the prosecutor in the interests of the child file a claim for compensation him unreasonably spent funds. The funds recovered by the court are transferred to the personal account of the child.
Parents deprived of parental rights are not exempted from the obligation to pay child support for children for whom they are deprived of parental rights.

Article 51. Coordination by the authorized body for the implementation of compliance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the rights of the child

The authorized body in the field of protection of children’s rights is determined by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

The authorized body in the field of protection of children’s rights:

1) coordinates and directs the activities of other interested authorized bodies in the field of protecting the rights of the child;

2) develops various programs for the implementation of the fundamental rights of the child;

3) provides an annual review in the direction of improving the minimum social standards, norms and standards of indicators of children’s lives;

4) coordinate the activities of authorized bodies in the field of protecting the rights of children in international cooperation.

Article 52 is set out in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 01.31.06, No. 125-III

Article 52. Monitoring compliance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the rights of the child

Monitoring compliance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the rights of the child is aimed at ensuring the rights and legitimate interests of the child and is carried out by authorized state bodies within the competence defined by the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The object of control is the activity of individuals and legal entities aimed at realizing the rights of the child.
Control is carried out in the form of inspections (planned, unscheduled).
Scheduled inspections are carried out once a year in accordance with schedules approved by authorized state bodies.
Unscheduled inspections are carried out in cases requiring immediate elimination of the threat of violation of the protected rights and legitimate interests of the child, as well as requiring immediate response to citizens’ appeals.

The period for conducting inspections should not exceed five days.

Article 53. Coordination of activities of state bodies and organizations performing functions to protect the rights of the child

The coordination of the activities of state bodies and organizations carrying out functions to protect the rights of the child is carried out by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N. Nazarbayev
Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the rights of the child

INNER ORDER RULES

Pupils

KGKP “Pavlodar College of Technical Service”

Approved:

The decision of the pedagogical council

dated June 21, 2014

Additions made

By the decision of the pedagogical council № 1

dated September 3, 2015

INNER ORDER RULES

   KGKP “PAVLODAR COLLEGE OF TECHNICAL SERVICE”

І. The rights of students.

II. The responsibilities of students.

ІІІ. Students are prohibited.

ІV. School time.

І. Student Rights

Students in college are entitled to:
Obtaining quality education in accordance with state compulsory education standards;
Education by the decision of the college’s pedagogical council within the framework of state compulsory education standards on the basis of individual curricula, abridged educational curricula;
Free use of information resources in the college, the provision of textbooks, educational and methodological complexes and manuals;
Free use of sports, reading, assembly halls, computer classes and a library;
Free expression of one’s opinion and belief;
Respect for human dignity;
Encouragement and reward for success in studies, scientific and creative activities;
Receive additional educational services;
Elect and be elected to college self-government bodies;
On training conditions that guarantee the protection and promotion of health;
For transfer, subject to availability of study places on a budgetary basis from self-financing training, subject to good academic performance, exemplary behavior, achievement of high results at republican and regional olympiads and competitions;
Receive a scholarship in accordance with the Instructions on the procedure for the appointment and payment of state scholarships to certain categories of students in state educational organizations;
Use also other rights defined by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
II. Student Responsibilities

Students in college are required to:
2.1. To master knowledge, skills, practical skills in accordance with the requirements of state compulsory education standards, comply with the internal regulations;

2.2. Take care of your health, strive for spiritual and physical self-improvement;

2.3. Respect the honor and dignity of other students, teachers and college traditions;

2.4. Respect national, universal and spiritual values;

2.5. Observe the uniforms established in college;

2.6. Observe the basic requirements for appearance (hairstyle, clothing) in accordance with the status of the institution as a teacher and with the future profession – teachers;

2.7. Students are prohibited from wearing in college:

bright, purely leisure clothing;
bright, catchy decorations;
religious clothing (hijab, chadra, niqab, burqa);
sports and jeans clothes;
blouses and T-shirts that do not cover areas of the body;
shocking hairstyles.
2.8. Required uniform for girls:

white blouse, white turtleneck (everyday);
black or navy blue dress pants or skirt;
classic-style trouser suit in black or navy blue.
Required uniform for boys:
white or blue shirt (everyday);
classic-style trouser suit in black or navy blue.
2.10. Comply with the fire safety and safety regulations;

2.11. To take part in socially useful work related to the improvement of the college and its territory, ensuring cleanliness and order in classrooms and classrooms assigned to the group.

2.12. Take part in extracurricular activities conducted in accordance with the educational plan of the group, college;

2.13. Take care of the property of the college, compensate for material damage in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

ІІІ. Students are prohibited

College students are prohibited from:
3.1. To bring, transfer or use weapons, alcohol, tobacco products and narcotic substances.

3.2. Use any means and substances that may lead to explosions and fires.

3.3. Use physical force to clarify relationships, intimidation, and extortion.

3.4. Manufacturer any actions that entail dangerous consequences for others.

3.5. Use cell phones during class.

3.6. Attend training sessions in outerwear.

3.7. Wearing religious clothing in college.

3.8. Skipping classes for no good reason.

3.9. Invite outsiders to college.

ІV. School time

ІV. School time

School time
4.1. The academic year in college begins on September 1 and ends according to the schedule of the educational process in a particular specialty.

4.2. Duration of studies, holidays are set according to the curriculum and the schedule of the educational process.

4.3. The duration of the school week is 6 days.

4.4. The school day begins in the first shift from 7.45 hours, in the second shift from 13.45 hours. A preliminary call to the first lesson in the first shift at 7.55 hours, in the second shift at 13.55 hours.

4.5. Training sessions begin in the first shift at 8.00 hours, and in the second shift at 14.00 hours. Changes between couples one – 25 minutes, two for 10 minutes.

4.6. Students staying in college for training and extracurricular activities is allowed until 20.00 hours.